Including the Chinese joint ventures, the Volkswagen Group employed an average of 533,469 people in fiscal year 2012, an increase of 17.5% year-on-year. Our companies in Germany employed 237,080 people on average in 2012; their share of the total headcount increased slightly to 44.4% (previous year: 43.1%) due to the integration of Porsche. The Volkswagen Group had 525,245 active employees (+8.9%) as of the 2012 reporting date. In addition, 7,804 employees were in the passive phase of their partial retirement and 16,714 young persons were in vocational traineeships (+11.3%). The Volkswagen Group’s total headcount was 549,763 employees (+9.5%) at the end of the reporting period. In addition to the expanded production volumes abroad, this increase can be attributed primarily to the consolidation of Porsche and motorcycle manufacturer Ducati in the reporting period. A total of 249,470 people were employed in Germany (+10.9%), while 300,293 were employed abroad (+8.4%).